General public holiday is observed throughout the Pakistan on 9th November every year. Special progammes by Radio Pakistan/TV Station on the life, idea and achievements of Allama Iqbal are broadcasted. National Flag on principal government buildings throughout the country is hoisted. Scout rallies and march-past of school children are held and documentary films on Iqbal in Cinema Houses of the country is screened.
Sir Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877 in Sialkot and died April 21, 1938. He was a Muslim Poet, Philosopher and Politician. His poetry in Urdu, Arabic and Persian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era and whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan. He is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal (Allama meaning “Scholar”.)
After studying in England and Germany, Iqbal established a law practice, but concentrated primarily on writing scholarly works on politics, economics, history, philosophy and religion. He is best known for his poetic works, including Asrar-e-Khudi—which brought a knighthood— Rumuz-e-Bekhudi, and the Bang-e-Dara, with its enduring patriotic song Tarana-e-Hind. In India, he is regarding for the patriotic song, Saare Jahan Se Achcha. In Afghanistan and Iran, where he is known as Iqbāl-e Lāhorī (Iqbal of Lahore), He is highly regarded for his Persian works.
Iqbal was a strong proponent of the political and spiritual revival of Islamic civilisation across the world, but specifically in India; a series of famous lectures he delivered to this effect were published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. One of the most prominent leaders of the All India Muslim League, Iqbal encouraged the creation of a “state in northwestern India for Indian Muslims” in his 1930 presidential address.
Iqbal encouraged and worked closely with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and he is known as Muffakir-e-Pakistan (“The Thinker of Pakistan”), Shair-e-Mashriq (“The Poet of the East”), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (“The Sage of Ummah”). He is officially recognised as the “National Poet” in Pakistan. The anniversary of his birth (Yōm-e Welādat-e Muhammad Iqbāl) on November 9 is a Holiday in Pakistan.