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Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Manifesto for General Elections 2013

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Manifesto for General Elections 2013

Manshoor PTI - Pakistan Tehreek e Insaaf Manifesto

PTI manifesto in English (PDF Format)

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AN AGENDA FOR RESURGENCE

The Manifesto

Of

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf

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PREAMBLE

A New Beginning

The PTI agenda of resurgence articulates the long neglected aspirations of our

people   and   spells   out   the   vision   of   a   modern   Islamic   republic   that   advocates

tolerance, moderation and freedom to practice the religion of one’s choice. We

look to the future with hope and confidence as we set Pakistan on a course to

political stability, social harmony, and economic prosperity for all.

The    PTI   is  not  merely    a  political  party;  it  is  a  broad   based    movement      that

embraces   the   interests   of   all   Pakistanis.   A   people   whose   cultural   and   ethnic

diversities blend into common goals and aspirations for a just society based on a

democratic culture and the rule of law.

The   PTI   is   determined   to   provide   a   credible   new   leadership   that   can   restore

Pakistan’s   political   and   economic   sovereignty   through   building   a   new   bond   of

trust    between     the   government       and    the   people.    Only    through     the   active

participation of the people can we collectively mobilize our human and material

resources to forge ahead on the road to a confident and self-reliant nation.

Our Ideology

Pakistanis      crave    dignity  and    self-respect.    Any    hope    of  recovery    from    the

multifaceted crisis engulfing the nation remains illusory without reviving the self-

esteem of the people and restoring their confidence in the political leadership. We

can   achieve   this   by   following   the   Principles   of   “Unity,   Faith   and   Discipline”   as

expounded by the Quaid-e-Azam.

PTI    is  committed     to  transparency     in  government      and    an  across    the   board

accountability. It believes in federalism and functional autonomy of the provinces,

based   on   the   spirit   and   fundamental   principles   of   parliamentary   democracy   as

envisaged in the 1973 Constitution.

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Our   strength   lies   in   our   people.  Human   development   would   thus   remain   our

highest   priority.   Pakistan   has   rich   and   diverse   cultures   including   those   of   the

minorities.   We   must   nurture      and   allow   every   opportunity   for    this  diversity   of

culture and traditions to flourish.

Our family values bind our society. Despite the grinding poverty and injustice that

beset us today, it is the structure of the family that provides the net that keeps the

social fabric intact. The present dismal state of women and children in terms of

their   access     to  health    care,   nutrition,   and   education     can    not   be   ignored.

Investment in women and children would ensure that the family structure remains

intact    and    future    generations     are    brought     up   in  a   healthy     and    secure

environment.

Our Mission

Whilst    establishing     the  rule  of  law   and    ensuring    protection    of  human     rights

through   an   independent   and   honest   judiciary,   strive   for   the   social   development

and economic prosperity of our citizens, especially the poor and underprivileged

masses.

Our Goals

•     Establish    Pakistan     as   a   truly  independent       and   sovereign    state     that

becomes a source of pride for our people.

•     Strengthen state institutions to promote democracy and complete political,

economic and religious freedom for the people.

•     Provide an accountable and efficient government that ensures the protection

of life and property of its citizens.

•     Launch an Education Revolution to promote universal literacy and raise the

standard of education in our schools, colleges and universities.

•     Ensure the availability of adequate Healthcare services for all citizens.

•     Highest priority to poverty alleviation through policies aimed at creating more

job opportunities and enabling ownership of assets to the poor.

•     A   merit   based   system   that   provides   equal   opportunity   for   employment   and

upward social mobility for all, specially the working classes

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•     Create   an   environment   which   encourages   the   private   sector   to   grow   and

create greater wealth and employment opportunities.

•     End   the   VIP   culture   by   setting   an   example   in   simple   living   and   an   austere

lifestyle.

•     Eliminate     draconian     laws   that   give   unchecked      power    to   Police   and    the

Agencies or which limit the rights of Citizens.

•     A self reliant economy which is free of dependence on foreign aid.

•     Promote      regional    peace     and    strengthen     our   relationships     with    friendly

countries.

INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS

The   fundamentals   for   a   free   democratic   society   and   democratic   culture   cannot

flourish without strengthening the vital state institutions which are-the Executive,

the Legislature, and the Judiciary. In Pakistan the credibility of these institutions

to deliver has been undermined by successive governments while corruption at

the highest levels has made them a focus of public scorn and ridicule. The PTI

would restore the credibility of vital state institutions and their moral authority to

govern through a process of reform.

Constitutional Reforms

The 1973 constitution is a unique and historic document, because it was passed

unanimously   by   the   Parliament   representing   all   political   parties   in   the   country.

The subsequent battering that it took has left it in tatters. There is a need to go

back   to   the   beginning   and   revive   the   Constitution   in   letter   and   spirit,   by   doing

away   with   the  amendments   and  laws   which   go   against the  basic structure and

spirit of the federation and the vision of the Quaid-e- Azam.

By    promoting     a   culture   of  tolerance    and   co   operation   amongst       the  political

parties, within and outside the assemblies, we shall strive for priority to legislation

benefiting the common man and curtail the Presidential powers of promulgating

ordinances that benefit only a few.

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Judicial Reforms

Repeated interruptions in the democratic process have lot to do with the failure to

strengthen      the   judiciary.   The    PTI   proposes      to  take   following    measures       to

strengthen the judicial system:

•     Set    up    a   Judicial    Commission        to   recommend        and    approve      judicial

appointments   in   the   High   Courts   and   the   Supreme   Court  and   to  draw  up   a

code of ethics for judges and to undertake their accountability;

•     Vacancies in the superior courts would be filled up and  sufficient number of

courts and judges provided at the lower levels for easy access to justice and

to clear the backlog of cases pending in courts.

•     The parallel judicial systems such as special judges will be dispensed with;

•     The appointments to subordinate judiciary will be made only through Public

Service Commissions, which will be made autonomous.

•     In   order    to  attract   the   best    lawyers     to  accept     judicial  appointments,

emoluments of judges will be raised and appropriate facilities provided.

•     A Panchayat System, with specific rules and regulations, would be introduced

at   the   local   level   to   perform   primarily   as   arbitration   forums   and   as   Small

Causes Courts;

•     The   legal   aid   system   for   impoverished   litigants   with   good   causes   will   be

strengthened;

•     Additional   court   buildings   and   facilities   will   be   provided   where   required   and

the existing facilities improved and modernized.

•     Court   procedures   will   be   simplified   and   streamlined   to   avoid   unnecessary

expenditure and delays in settlement of cases.

•     The legal education system will be reformed to raise standards and facilities

for higher legal education.

Electoral Reforms

Elections in a democratic society are critical milestones to further strengthen the

democratic   process.   They   provide   a   sifting   course   through which   the   quality   of

leadership progressively improves. Without major reforms, there is little hope that

more   elections   under   the   present   institutional   framework   can   ever   propel   an

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honest leadership that this country so desperately needs. To ensure free and fair

elections     with  maximum       turnout,   the   PTI   proposes     to  institute   the  following

electoral reforms:

•     Strengthen the Election Commission’s capacity to enforce electoral rules and

regulations      by  ensuring     complete     administrative     and    financial   autonomy.

Appropriate   administrative   powers   across   the   country   shall   be   given   to   the

chief election commissioner for the election period.

•     Provide   for   easy   registration   of   voters   instead   of   the   current   cumbersome

process.

•     Easy   access   to   voters   list   for   people   to   check   their   votes,  by   putting   these

online and displaying at convenient places.

•     Ban    appointment,      transfers,    and    promotions     of   civil  servants    after   the

announcement of the election schedule without the permission of the Election

Commission;

•     A   person    convicted     of  any    genuine    criminal    offence    and   sentenced      to

imprisonment would be barred from contesting elections even if an appeal is

pending in any court of law;

•     Those who have had loans written off and resorted to deliberate loan defaults

would be barred from contesting elections.

Strengthening the Federation

Federalism   by  definition   means   a form   of   government   in   which   the   constitution

distributes     powers     between      center    and   provinces      including   the    power     to

promulgate laws, collect and share revenues, and maintain law and order. True

devolution of power can only start with giving due autonomy to the provinces as

envisaged in the Constitution.

The   PTI   believes   that   citizens   of   the   four   federating  units   have   equal   rights   to

education, health care, economic growth opportunities, and justice. To date, the

revenue sharing criteria for all finance awards was based purely on population. In

a federation where the federating units differ widely in terms of per capita income,

population density, administrative infrastructure, ability to raise taxes, and fiscal

discipline, it is not fair to base the revenue sharing formula on population only.

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The   present   resource   distribution  formula   deprives   the  people   of   some   regions

and provinces of their self sustenance needs and condemns them to perpetual

poverty and poor quality of life. The bulk of provincial resources come from taxes

collected and distributed by the federal government. Without equitable sharing of

resources   between   provinces,   the   impact   of   devolving   powers   to   the   provinces

and the districts would be of little consequence. The PTI intends to strengthen the

federation by introducing following reforms;

•     Provincial autonomy as envisaged in the constitution will be adhered to in

letter and spirit.

•     Allow greater administrative autonomy to the provinces in the appointment

of key civil servants such as; Chief Secretaries, IGs etc.

•     The outdated FATA administrative system will be done away with through

appropriate amendments in the FCR based on the wishes of the people of

FATA. .Powers in FATA shall be devolved to lower level in conformity with

the system in the settled areas. .Party Act shall also be made applicable to

FATA areas.

•     The    NFC     shall  have    a  permanent       secretariat   with   sufficient   financial

resources to conduct independent economic and other surveys as may be

required from time to time

•     Level   of   human   development   in   each   province   would   be   an   additional

criteria for determining provincial share of the divisible pool;

•     The   Federal   Share   in   the   net   proceeds   of   divisible   pool   taxes   would   be

reduced in line with requirements determined through studies and surveys

•     The    task   of  assessing     royalties   for  provinces     will  be  entrusted     to  an

independent body;

•     Provincial finance commissions would be strengthened for fiscal discipline,

resource mobilization, and resource distribution within each province

Local Government

The newly created local government institutions have been turned into a political

tool   in   the   hands   of   the   government.   The   system   perpetuated   by   giving   total

power   to   one   individual;   the   District   Nazim,   who   is   not   directly   elected   by   the

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people,   will   be   reviewed   and   replaced   by   a   system   that  is   equitable   and   is   in

accordance with the aspirations of the people.

PTI   shall   strive   towards   creating   a   set   of   local   institutions   in   which   people   can

repose   their   trust   and   confidence.   Citizen’s   and   Community   boards   would   be

created to monitor the delivery of services.              This will bring government closer to

the people and make it more responsive and accountable. The PTI proposes the

following specific reforms.

•     Local    government        institutions   will   be   accountable       to   the   Provincial

assemblies;

•     District Nazim will be elected from amongst the Town and union Nazims

who are directly elected by the people;

•     Responsibility   and   authority   of   each   tier   of   the   local   government   will   be

clearly defined;

•     PFC’s   in   all   the   provinces   will   be   required   to   allocate   and   provide   the

required funds directly to all the local governments instead of routing these

through the district nazims

•     Financial transparency will be ensured in awarding and implementation of

projects.

Administrative Reforms

The     reform    of  the  bureaucracy       is  essential   for   efficient  service    delivery    and

implementation   of   socio-economic   development   agenda.                  Civil   service   reforms

would     be   instituted   to  provide     all  necessary     support    to  the   civil  servants    to

perform   and   live   a   life   of   dignity   and   respect.   Necessary   checks   and   balances

would   be   put   in   place  to   hold   them accountable for  their  acts as custodians   of

public trust. The PTI would introduce the following reforms in the civil service:

•      Public   Service   Commissions   (PSC’s)   would   be   made   fully   autonomous

administratively   and   financially.   Political   appointments   in   PSC’s   will   be

discontinued.   Such   appointments   will   be   made   purely   on  merit   and   in   a

transparent manner.

•      Appointments to the civil service at all levels would be made by the public

service commissions. No exceptions will be allowed;

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•     System of examinations conducted by the public service commission shall

be    reviewed     to   ensure    that   equal    opportunity     was    provided     to   all

candidates from all parts of the country. The present system that tends to

give preference to those who come through the educational systems that

is largely available to the elites will be eliminated..

•    PTI    shall  ensure    that   the   Government       undertakes     appropriate      career

planning     exercise    for  the   civil  servants    in  order   to   improve    the   fast

deteriorating      levels   of  governance       at  all  levels   and   ensure     that   the

bureaucracy   delivers   the   required   services   to   all   sections   of   the   society

effectively and efficiently.

•     Introduce minimum tenures for senior civil servant posts  such as federal

and provincial secretaries, chief secretaries, IG and DIGs etc;

•     Enhance   access   of   information   to   the   general   public   to     the   maximum

extent feasible by reviewing and revising laws and regulations concerning

confidentiality;

•     Give   constitutional   protection   to   public   servants   to   perform   their   official

functions and protect them against political interference;

•     Re-train the bureaucracy to meet new challenges.

Police Reforms

The security of life and property of citizens is one of the primary responsibilities of

the state. Without this fundamental protection, investment and economic growth

is   not  possible.    The    police   system    in  Pakistan    has    suffered   due    to  political

considerations over-riding merit and due process of law.

The PTI proposes to transform the police system, which is based on coercion to a

service oriented police by instituting the following reforms:

•     Set   up   a   Permanent      Public   Safety    Commissions        at  the  Federal     and

Provincial levels to reform the police system;

•     Legislate   to   expunge or  modify  laws   which   give   unfettered   power   to   the

police to arrest citizens.

•     Ensure      recruitments     on    merit   and    develop     a   training   system      that

orientates the police towards helping citizens.

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•      Legislate   to   provide   security   of   service   to   police   officers   and   thus   free

them   from   political   interference.   At   the   same   time   set   up   a   system   of

accountability to ensure that the police do not violate the law or the rights

of citizens.

•      Increase   salaries   and facilities   commensurate   with   a   decent   standard   of

living.

•      Equip police with modern arms and communication facilities;

•      Give greater importance to setting up of CPLCs, to increase interaction of

the police and citizens;

•      Modernize and upgrade police stations to become user friendly centers for

help to needy citizens;

•      Improve   the   conditions   in   our  Jails   to make  them function   as  Correction

Centers and eliminate the practice of police torture;

•      Rationalize and reform the intelligence gathering agencies to refocus on

intelligence      gathering      against     crime     rather    then    chasing      political

opponents.

Corruption and Accountability

Corruption   is   endemic   in   our   society   because   it   flows   from   the   top.   A   major

reason      for  this   is  the   centralization     of  authority    in   the   hands     of  the   top

administration officials. Discretionary funds at the disposal of top political officials

are     misused      for   political   patronage       and    to   oblige    supporters.      Lack     of

transparency        in   government        and     increasing      defence      and    administrative

expenditure       create     greater    opportunity     for   corruption.      The      accountability

mechanism is not only weak but is being used for political ends.

To reduce corruption and make the accountability process more credible, the PTI

shall:

•      Revise the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) ordinance to make NAB

a completely independent body. The head of the NAB would be a person

of unquestioned integrity while other members would be from the higher

judiciary,    retired    civil  servants,     eminent      lawyers     and    citizens    with

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unblemished        records.    The   post    of  chairman     NAB     shall  be  provided

constitutional protection.

•     NAB     shall  function   under    the   administrative     control   of  the  JUDICIAL

COMMISSION.

•     Strengthen      the   role   of   Public   Accounts      Committees       in   monitoring

government financial transactions;

•     Discretionary   funds   at   the   disposal   of   high   officials   will   be   subjected   to

proper audit by the PAC

•     Make   the   government   contract   awarding   system   transparent   by   making

the concerned regulatory authorities autonomous, effective and efficient.

•    Reduce   the   role   of   government   by   revising   rules   and   regulations   and

doing away with ineffective and unproductive government departments.

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

Poverty prevails among the masses and there is little improvement in the social

indicators.   Universal   primary   education   is   an   elusive   dream.   Access   to   basic

health care remains poor with infant mortality rate one of the highest in the world.

The present population growth rate of 2.2 percent is still amongst the highest in

the   world.   An   estimated   8   million   children   suffer   severe   malnourishment.   The

government’s estimate that 63 percent of population has access to safe drinking

water   is   unrealistic.   Social   sector   development   would   thus   receive   the   highest

priority from PTI.

Poverty Reduction

Independent estimates place poverty incidence in Pakistan at between 30 to 35

percent. Government claims about poverty reduction and that economic growth

has trickled down to the poor is not credible. Economic growth does not always

benefit the poor. If the growth in output is achieved through capital-intensification

of the production process, employment growth is unlikely to match output growth.

Further,   if   growth   occurs   in   sectors   that   provide   salaried   as   opposed   to   wage

employment, the poor are not likely to benefit.

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Various microfinance schemes have been launched, but there is no evidence that

microfinance   has   led   to   reduction   of   poverty.   On   the   other   hand,   research   has

shown   that   ownership   or   access   to   assets   is   the   single   most   powerful   variable

that   reduces   poverty   and   contributes   to   economic   empowerment   of   the   poor.

Rural poverty incidence among families owning some land – even as low as one

acre   –   is   17   percent,   which   rises   to   32   percent   for   families   that   own   no   land.

Similarly   housing   and   employment   are   important   poverty   reduction   variables   in

urban areas.

In terms of poverty reduction strategy, it is shown that in rural areas ownership of

assets (land and/or cattle) reduces the chances of being poor by 55 percent. In

urban areas, employment is shown to reduce the chances of being poor by 45

percent.

Fiscal policy also plays a very important role. The current fiscal policy structure is

unjust   in   the   sense   that   the   poor   are   subsidizing   the   rich   by   carrying   a   much

larger responsibility of tax payments through indirect taxation. The tax structure

shall be made more equitable.

Our poverty reduction strategy will focus on:

•     Rural land reforms, such that the maximum numbers of  rural households

own a minimum-specified area of land.

•     Urban   land   policy,   such   that   state   and   military   controlled   land   in   urban

areas is allocated for development of housing estates, with on average 3

marla/80 square yards plots.

•     The share of direct taxes in total tax revenues is raised through taxation of

wealth and capital gains.

Education for All

The quality of public sector education at all levels has degenerated. Children from

households   in   the top  20   percent   in urban areas   showed  gross   enrollment   two

and     half  times    greater    then   children    from   the   poorest     20   percent    of  rural

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households.   Overall   the   gross   enrollment   rates   for   middle   level   (classes   6-8)

have decreased. It is indeed shameful that only 16 percent of children aged 10-

12 attend middle level schooling. There are approximately 175,000 Government

schools      in  Pakistan     that  offer   substandard       education,     inadequate      teachers,

facilities   and   materials.   A   cost   effective   model   is   needed   to   raise   the   level   of

education across this massive school network.

Unregulated   growth   of   private   sector   primary   education  has   led   to   a   system   of

educational   apartheid.   Quality   education   has   become   an  exclusive   preserve   of

the elite thus forcing the majority to perpetual ignorance and poverty.                     While the

rich send their children to expensive English medium schools, the majority poor

are   forced   to   send   their   children   to   antiquated   Urdu   medium   public   schools   or

Madrassahs. As a result, despite the huge increase in population, the proportion

of   students   attending   government   primary   schools   declined,   particularly   in   the

urban   areas   where   the   private   sector   now   accounts   for   almost   half   of   primary

enrollments.

Quality     of  higher    education      has   also   deteriorated      with   exodus     of  qualified

professionals   and   continues   to   decline   in   the   professional  capacity   of   faculty

members. Applied research is almost non-existent. For a country of 160 million,

there are only 85 universities with approved charters, of which only 8 in the public

sector and 18 in the private sector, are degree awarding institutions.

The PTI is determined to launch a national education movement based on equity

to achieve increased access and improved quality of education at all levels. PTI

proposes to:

•      Abolish educational apartheid by introducing a common core syllabus for

all schools;

•      Progressively increase state spending on education from less than 1.5%

to five percent of the Gross Domestic Product;

•      Lay   emphasis   on   teacher   training   by   setting   up   standard   facilities   in   all

districts to ensure the availability of sufficient number of local teachers in

each district

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•     Launch a national literacy campaign by mobilizing all segments of society

including, fresh graduates, unemployed youth and retired educationists to

achieve 80 percent functional literacy;

•     Ensure   access   to   primary   education   for   all   children   by   adding   schools

managed by local councils.

•     Reduce the drop out rate at elementary level by offering incentives in the

shape   of   free   text   books,   nutrition   support   through   mid-day   meals,   and

stipends;

•     Set    up   an    elite  education      service    by   offering    market     salaries    to

government   teachers   at   all   levels   to   attract  the   best   and   make   teaching

the most sought after profession again;

•     Make universities fully autonomous to be managed by boards comprising

educationists, philanthropists, and eminent citizens and ensure academic

freedom to faculty members;

•     Establish a public university in collaboration with the private sector in each

district.

•     Design and implement a scholarship scheme for top students from each

board examination;

•     Formulate      a  policy   to  encourage      greater    public-private     partnership    in

expanding   the   network   of   educational   institutions   and   in   improving   their

standards;

•     Create     an    autonomous       monitoring      authority    to   check    and    provide

feedback on the quality of education at all levels;

•     Offer   tax   incentives    to  industry   in  general    and    agri-based     industry   in

particular for investment in vocational and technical education in the rural

areas.

Healthy People – Healthy Nation

The PTI plans to revamp and upgrade the public health care system in Pakistan

in   line  with   its  slogan    “healthy   people,    healthy    nation.”   by   putting   in  place

following reforms:

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•     Progressively   double   state   spending   on   health,   establish   a   threshold   for

setting up of basic health units in order to extend the facility to the village

level.

•     Target     to   achieve100       per    cent    immunization        of   children    against

preventable diseases;

•     Policy   emphasis   on   preventive   healthcare   particularly   in   communicable

and     infectious    diseases,     reproductive     health    care,   pre  and    post-natal

health    care    to  drastically   reduce     infant   mortality    rate  and    under-five

mortality rate;

•     Ensure universal access to clean drinking water in all villages and urban

slums by setting up water filtration plants;

•     Improving   sanitation   through   better   sewerage   and   drainage   schemes   in

urban areas

•     Decentralization       of  healthcare     services    with   greater   management         and

monitoring role of local councils over basic healthcare centers particularly

with facilities for mother and child care;

•     Introduce   tele-medicine   in   upgraded   rural   health   centers   and   hospitals

using Internet and telecommunications infrastructure;

•     Revise   the   pricing   policy   for   drugs   including   import   duties   and   levies   to

ensure that essential drugs are available at affordable prices;

•     Encourage       private-public     partnership      under    a   policy   which     provides

affordable healthcare services;

•     Institutionalize the autonomy of Government hospitals

•     Introduce     low-cost    health   insurance     schemes      and    concessional     health

care schemes for the elderly and poor

•     Bring accountability of doctors, para-medical and non-medical staff in their

professional   duties   at   Government   and   private   hospitals   and   healthcare

centers   by   formulating   a   policy   in   consultation   with   their   representative

associations.

Population Welfare

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The continuing high population growth rate is a major national concern and strain

on    national   resources.     Rapid    population     growth    means    greater     development

needs and stress on the existing physical infrastructure.

The   PTI   will   launch a  national   campaign   on  population  welfare  and   make   it an

integral   part   of   the   national   health   policy.   Greater  access   to   quality   education

would   go   a   long   way   creating   greater   awareness   on   population   related   issues.

PTI will:

•     Launch public awareness campaigns on population welfare and reinforce

Programmes to reduce the population growth rate from 2.2 percent to 1.6

percent;

•     Introduce   integrated   comprehensive   population   welfare   Programmes   to

improve      the  impact    of   existing   projects    by   expanding     coverage      and

improved management;

•     Introduce   modern   family   planning   methods   that   allow   women   increased

options on family planning services;

Housing

Adequate shelter is a fundamental human need.                 Ever increasing migration of the

rural   population   to   urban   centers   and   inadequate   resources   for   housing   has

made planned housing development critical to provide adequate housing for all.

Almost 40 percent of the urban population, lives in slums without basic amenities

such   as   access   to   clean   drinking   water,   sanitation,   drainage,   and   solid   waste

disposal, because of a lack of proper town planning.                 PTI plans to initiate major

low cost housing programmes in urban areas through following measures:

•     Under   a   revised   national   housing   policy   facilitate   shelter   to   all   in   urban

slums and initiate construction of 5.0 Lac. new housing units each year;

•     Develop a policy of leasing and mortgage of property.

•     Review   the   urban   building   codes   and   construction   bye  laws   and   ensure

compliance; and

•     Make credit available for housing on friendly terms.

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Youth

Youth   would   be   in   the   vanguard   of   PTI’s   national   revival   efforts.   The   energies

and idealism of the youth shall be harnessed to act as the locomotive of national

change.   The   youth   would   be   the   focus   of   PTI’s   education,   health   care,   and

economic plans. Under a national youth policy, they would be actively involved in

rural    reconstruction,     drainage     and    sanitation,    social  forestry,    public    health

awareness campaigns, environment protection and adult literacy.

Competitive   sports   can   play   a   critical   role   in   improving   the   health,   leadership

qualities, discipline, and building team work attributes in the youth. Greater sports

activities also prevent the youth from pursuing social evils such as drugs etc. A

national youth policy will be introduced with emphasis on a comprehensive sports

policy for setting up in each district international level facilities for cricket, hockey,

football and other sports..

Empowerment of Women

The     PTI   is  determined     to  introduce    and    implement     new   laws,    policies,   and

programmes to provide a level playing field for the social, political, and economic

growth   of   women.   Empowerment   of   women   is   directly   linked   to   their   greater

economic   role,   which   is   dependent   on   increased   access   to   education   and   skill

development. The PTI will bring women in the mainstream of national social and

economic development. It aims to

•     Provide free education to girls up to Matric;

•     Introduce   scholarships   for   graduation   in   pursuit   of   higher   education   in

computer sciences, medicine, management, and engineering;

•     Create social awareness against un Islamic customs and cruel  practices

such   as   Sawarra   in   NWFP   and   Karo   Kari   in   Sindh   and   enforce   laws   to

eradicate such practices;

•     Provide housing and child care assistance to working women;

•     Encourage       the   active   involvement      of  women      in  the   management        of

community based rural development initiatives;

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•     Develop a national programme for vocational and skill-based training for

income generation;

•     Design and implement special functional literacy programmes for women;

•     Legislate   and   enforce   laws   for   in-camera   trial   of   molestation   and   rape

cases;

•     Establish separate “women support cells” in each police  station at tehsil

level   which   are   managed   and   run   by   women   to   support   and   process

criminal cases in which women are the accused; and

•     Legislate and enforce a special law on violence against women.

Environment

The reckless policies of the past without due regard to environmental concerns

has put considerable pressure on the environment and natural resources, so vital

to   the   future   generations   of   Pakistan.   Inappropriate   and   ill-conceived   projects

have   put   under   extreme   stress   our   land,   soil,   water,   forests,   and   wildlife.   High

population growth rate is an additional source of environmental degradation. Our

forests    are  dwindling,    leading    to  erosion   of  valuable   topsoil   threatening     the

livelihood   of   people   living   in   the   mountains.   The   uncontrolled   growth   of   urban

areas with poor sanitation conditions is threatening natural ecosystems.

The PTI commits itself to a sustainable development through an equitable use

of resources for meeting the needs of the present and future generations;

•     Expedite     the  implementation      of   the  national   environment      action   plan

(NEAP);

•     National/Public parks will be set up across the country

•     Enforce the Environment Protection Act 1997 which provides a framework

for     conservation       of   wildlife    and    biodiversity,     establishment       of

environmental tribunals and magistrates, inclusion of environmental issues

in school curriculum, and public awareness;

•     Design national guidelines and modules for the development of towns and

cities as a planning and implementation tool for urban development;

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•     Introduce and enforce byelaws to control land, air and water pollution by

industry and urban centers.

•     Eliminate   timber   Mafia   and   ensure   transfer   of   economic   benefits   to   the

local inhabitants from legal logging;

•     Ban import of hazardous chemical wastes for recycling by any industry or

for dumping;

•     Launch a national campaign of forestation;

•     Develop and implement community based programmes for conversion of

degraded forests and wasteland into quality forests;

•     Deny    exploitation   of  offshore    resources,    especially    marine    life,  by  big

trawlers;

•     Offer    incentives    to   the   private   sector    to   invest   in   research     and

development         in  environment-friendly        technology      for   application     in

agriculture, industry and the services sector; and

•     Develop programmes to clean our river systems, streams and other water

bodies.

ECONOMIC REVIVAL

The most serious aspect of our dire economic situation is the growing debt that

limits the fiscal space to invest in human development and infrastructure. Nearly

50  million Pakistanis, a half of our population, live in extreme poverty and sub-

human conditions, and their number is growing rapidly.

The   challenge   is   the   mobilization   of   local   resources   including   local   investment

opportunities      to  surmount     low   investment,     poor   productivity    and   degrading

physical     and   social   infrastructure.   Only    when    local  investors    feel  safe   and

confident     to   invest   will  overseas     Pakistanis    followed    by   Strategic    foreign

investors invest in the economy. Local investment would result in growth that will

generate employment, remove poverty and create prosperity. Agriculture is the

mainstay of our economy and investment in agriculture would help to eliminate

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poverty  as   studies  have   shown   that  extreme   poverty  is   more prevalent   in   rural

areas compared to urban centers.

Economic Policy

Our   economic   policy   will   be   based   on   limiting   the   role  of   the   government   to

create   an   environment   conducive   for   wealth   creation   through   legal   means   and

removing      bureaucratic     and   other   impediments,      which    inhibit  investment.     To

reverse the cycle of ever increasing poverty, the PTI aims to formulate policies

for a sustainable at least 8 per cent annual GDP growth rate.

Agriculture would receive the greatest attention as poverty is more acute in the

rural areas and the potential for growth in agriculture and agri-based industry far

surpass any other sector of the economy. We plan to achieve macro-economic

stability and rapid growth by following economic fundamentals of fiscal balance,

investment       in  human     and    physical    infrastructure,    stable  rupee,     moderate

inflation, easy availability of credit to agriculture and business, and promotion of

small to medium business enterprises and industry. The major economic policy

planks will be to:

•    Implement a long-term debt management strategy and divert savings from

debt servicing to human development;

•    Conduct an international audit of all loans secured by Pakistan to establish

their utilization;

•    Negotiate a long-term debt management strategy with the donors to limit

the    annual    debt  repayment      to  a  percentage     of  the   foreign   exchange

earnings.

•    Enact and enforce      laws to establish broad policy guidelines for new loans

including   a   limit   for   new   debt   and   stop   the   policy   of  seeking   loans   at

commercial rates;

•    Negotiate debt swap and mobilize resources for investments

•    Reduce non development government expenditures.

•    Rationalize the Defence expenditure and subject the defence budget to a

parliamentary scrutiny committee.

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•    Investment     priority   on  sectors    with   greater   potential   for   employment

generation, including small to medium scale rural industries, infrastructure,

housing (urban and rural), agriculture, and forestry;

•    Encourage   investment   in   industry   by   removing   bureaucratic   hurdles   and

by improving the efficiency of the capital market to attract investment from

small investors;

•    Revamp and divest non-strategic public sector organizations to Pakistani

investors.

•    Rationalize subsidies to protect weaker sections of society;

•    Introduce institutional mechanisms to interact on a daily basis between the

industry and the government;

•    Plan for the timely provision of good seeds and unadulterated pesticides;

•    A   water   conservation      and   equitable    distribution   plan  that    maximizes

agricultural production;

•    Revamp and reinvent the tax collection machinery of the Central Board of

Revenue; and

Tax Reforms

The complexity of the tax law is the single most important factor responsible for

most of the revenue losses. The current tax system is indefensible. It is complex,

burdensome, and severely limits economic opportunity. Our tax philosophy is to

encourage   and motivate   citizens   to   create  wealth  and   share  part of   their   hard-

earned income by paying tax at a lower rate. PTI envisions to:

•     Introduce a tax system that is fair, flatter, and simpler;

•     Progressively reduce federal taxes to five in all at reasonable rates;

•     Professionalize tax administration and make CBR autonomous;

•     Change   source   of   revenue   from   indirect   to   direct   taxation   thus   reducing

the burden on the common citizen;

•     Simplify the tax system by eliminating unnecessary paperwork;

•     Eliminate    exemptions      through    SROs     that  only   benefit  special    interest

groups;

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•     Provide incentives to raise savings rate from 12 percent to 20 percent of

GDP;

•     Introduce a tax system that allows people to compute their taxes easily,

for   example      on   the  Internet,   without    the   need    for  a  lawyer    or   an

accountant

Agriculture – Backbone of Our Economy

Investment   in   agriculture   is   the   quickest   and   surest   way  for   rapid   economic

recovery   and   reducing   poverty   as   it   accounts   for   25   percent   of   the   GDP   and

employs 45 percent of the country’s labor force. Agriculture cannot just be viewed

as a source of food. Gross agricultural production in Pakistan can be increased 2

to   3-fold   by   an   efficient,   scientifically   planned   use   of   the   existing   resources.   It

requires relatively simple innovations and would depend mainly on more efficient

management of the complex agricultural enterprise, comprising the following:

Resource Use Planning

Improved Post Harvest Processing and Marketing

Improved Crop Modeling and Support Price Mechanism

Strengthening of Agriculture Institutions

Introduction of Urban Agriculture

Developing Agro-climatology

Harnessing Additional Water Resources

There is no effective substitute to building additional large storage dams on the

Indus. The process of developing a political consensus on this issue should be

started   without   delay.   Simultaneously,   efforts   should   be   made   to   use   irrigation

water in response to crop needs. The present method of  flood irrigation thru a

fixed    wara   bundi    system    is  highly  wasteful    and   results   in  only   about   20%

efficiency of water use for actual crop production. Water use efficiency in some of

the   middle-eastern   countries   (Cyprus,   Israel,   Saudi   Arabia,   Jordan)   is   close   to

75-80% of the theoretical application efficiency. Since we are now a water-scarce

country, we must reflect this fact in price fixation of irrigation water and develop

improved   methods   for   water   application   to   increase   efficiency.   Simultaneously

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the huge wastage of water thru leakage/seepage from canals and watercourses

should be reduced, especially in saline areas. The PTI commits itself to reforming

agriculture by:

•     Linking prices for agriculture produce to input costs;

•     Introducing a nationwide crop and livestock insurance scheme;

•     Allocating 65 per cent of ADP funds for agricultural and rural development

to improve the rural physical and social infrastructure such as, irrigation,

roads, transport, power, telecommunication, credit facilities, access to safe

drinking water, education, health-care, sanitation and housing;

•     Allowing free movement of food grains throughout the country;

•     Introduce corporate agriculture by encouraging private sector investment

in farming;

•     Encouraging   social   forestry,   horticulture,   vegetable   growing,   floriculture,

sericulture, mushroom farming;

•     Encouraging inland fisheries, and bee-keeping;

•     Encouraging small-scale rural cottage industry by providing easy  access

to credit at low interest rates;

•     Set   up   a  network     of  service   centers    for  farmers    at  tehsil   level  and

introduce Tele-Agriculture to feed vital information to farmers;

•     Reforming land acquisition laws and computerize land records, ownership

and all other relevant information;

•     Boosting export of high value and processed agriculture produce;

•     Investing more in barani agriculture productivity;

•     Introducing weekly Mandis in rural towns and villages;

•     Introducing wind and solar energy wherever feasible for supplying power

exclusively to villages that have no electrification.

•     Introducing   special   credit   schemes   for   drought   hit   farmers   to   reinvest   in

livestock and farming;

•     Reform   education   in   villages   and   rural   towns   to   incorporate   agriculture

related subjects in the curriculum in rural schools.

Irrigation

PTI will undertake the following reforms measures in the field of irrigation:

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•     50 percent increase irrigation area in 10 years through construction and

optimal use of small, medium and large irrigation projects;

•     Provide incentives for the use of alternative sources of irrigation such as

drip and sprinkler irrigation systems, and.

•     Develop a 20 year master plan for water storage including construction of

dams including utilizing floodwaters for irrigation.

Land Reforms

The PTI is committed to introduce following land reforms:

•     Monitor the ownership and use of distributed state land and ensure credit

and agriculture support services to farmers;

•     Computerize land records

•     Initiate separate monitoring mechanisms to monitor the settlement of land

ceiling    disputes    and   to  improve     the   timely   settlement   of   cases    and

enforcement of verdicts; and

•     Expedite distribution of cultivable state land among landless farmers.

Development of Industry

Revival of industrial growth is essential for the revival of the economy. The PTI

will:

•     Provide special incentive and credit package to support small to medium

scale industry.

•     Encourage   efficient   and   healthy   capital   market   for  facilitating   investment

and allowing profitable investment opportunities to small investors;

•     Improve      the   regulatory     efficiency    of   the   Security    and     Exchange

Commission in particular its role in ensuring timely dividends to investors;

•     Promote venture capital;

•     Bring  equity  and   streamline   merger,   liquidation,   and   take-over  rules   and

regulations and monitor the performance of the SECP in implementing the

rules; and

•     Develop framework for pension fund investment in the capital market.

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Small and Medium Enterprises

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the growth engines of the economy

and account for 94% of growth in developed economies of the world. In Pakistan

these     businesses     account     for  30%    of  our   GDP     but  provide    employment        to

approximately 70% of our labour force. The SME sector has been long neglected

and has not been able to play the role that they have the potential of playing in

the country’s economic development.

Although,   some   strides   have   been   made   in   the   past   years   to   provide   SMEs

access   to   finance,   we   feel   that   this   is   not   enough.   What   the   SMEs   require   is

business support services to enable them to profitably and productively access

this   financing.    Such    services    will  provide    the   SMEs     with   the  knowledge       of

approaching   banks,   improving   processes   and   quality   of   goods   and   accessing

new     markets,     especially    export    markets.    Moreover,      the  financial    institutions

themselves need to re-orient themselves and create a capacity of being able to

cater to the SMEs. PTI will follow a strategy to:

•    Encourage the setting up of Business Support Services (BSS) Providers in

the private sector. These BSS providers will engage with SMEs in a hand-

holding   exercise   to   improve   their   awareness   of   global  issues   that   effect

businesses      and    to  raise   them    to  the   next   level  of   international    best

practices;

•    Encourage   creation   of   linkages   between   SMEs   and   large   businesses   to

ensure markets for their goods; and

•    Improve   the   working   of   financial   institutions   so   that  they,   too,   have   the

capacity of assessing SME risk, designing products suitable to them and

providing timely financial assistance.

•    Recognizing   the   absence   of   suitable   professionals   for   SME   lending   and

development, we will introduce curriculum in leading business (and other)

schools, wherein this will be taught as a subject. This will then ensure that

in   future,   the   country   has   a   cadre   of   individuals   who   are   well   versed   in

SME lending techniques and in SME development issues.

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Labor Reforms

PTI intends to rationalize, simplify, and enforce labor laws to ensure:

•     All rights associated with trade union activities;

•     The implementation of the already guaranteed profit sharing system;

•     The repeal of repressive labor laws, and amendments in the trade unions

act and other laws to bring these in line with provisions of the Convention

of the International Labor Organization          to which Pakistan is a signatory;

•     The    extension     of  the   scope    of  labor   laws    to  include   labor    hired   by

contractors under the “Thekedari system” so as to protect their rights to

bargaining;

•     The    reorganization      of  existing   Social   Security    institutions   to  eliminate

corruption and ensure that the funds paid by employers to the Employees

Old-age Benefit Institution and other social security institutions reach the

employees;

•     The    provision     of  job   security   to   workers     and   insurance      and   social

security/unemployment           cover,    and    strengthening       of   ‘safety   net’   in

consultation with economic experts and Trade Unions;

•     Representation        for  working     classes     in  the    National    and    Provincial

Assemblies and local bodies; and

•     Improved vocational training opportunities for labor to raise their technical

skills, productivity and incomes.

Privatization Policy

We believe that privatization has an important role to play in the development of

our   country,   but   disposing   off   national   assets   must   be   done   in   a   planned   and

transparent manner, with the proceeds being used for debt retirement or for other

clearly   stated   national   priorities.   Indiscriminate   privatization   under   the   present

military    government       because     of  its  insatiable    need    for  cash    to  finance    its

spending sprees, has led to tremendous abuse and corruption. Examples in this

regard   are   the   aborted   sale   of   the   Steel   Mills,   the   handover   of   the   KESC   to

private     parties   and    that   of   PTCL,     whose     new    owners      have    been    given

extraordinary  concessions   to   the   detriment of   other  local  competitors.   The   new

owners   of   banks   such   as   HBL,   Allied,   UBL   and   some   energy  companies   have

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made   manifold   returns   on   equity   for   their   new   owners  in   very   short   periods.   A

significant contribution to these profits has been the enormous spreads between

deposit   and   lending   rates   of   banks   during   the   last   two   to   three   years.   It   also

shows how little concern has been given to the plight of the ordinary depositor

who is their major customer.

PTI believes that privatization must take place under clear policy guidelines by an

independent   privatization   commission   that   is   professionally   run   and   under   the

strict   surveillance   of   parliament.   Our  policy   will   ensure  that   privatization   is   held

with all possible transparency and with full public consultation. We intend to put in

place the following principles:

•       Strengthening of all respective Industrial Regulators (NEPRA, OGRA, SBP

etc)   and   to   give   them   full   (not   token)   independence   to   ensure   that   the

consumer’s interest is fully protected.

•       A transparent and public consultative process on the assets that are to be

privatized.

•       A transparent and public process for the sale of assets.

•       Preference     will  be  given    to  local  investors   or   sales  through   the   stock

exchanges.

•       A   detailed   quarterly   report   on   the   privatization   process   to   parliament   to

ensure that the process remains open and transparent.

Tourism

Tourism      would    be   encouraged       as  a  means      for  generating     employment       and

investment in the local economy. The PTI will:

•      Promote domestic tourism to forge national cohesion;

•      Develop     a  national    policy   for  tourism    to  encourage      small   to   medium

investors in promoting domestic tourism; and

•      Prepare     a   comprehensive         policy   with    the   allocation     of  necessary

resources to protect national heritage;

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Energy Sector

The PTI will re-focus investment in the energy sector from thermal and furnace

oil   to  hydel,   coal,   and    gas   for  power     generation.    The    de-regulation     and

liberalization policy would aim to develop local energy resources for consumption

at affordable rates.

•     Restructuring of WAPDA would be expedited to improve the efficiency of

power generation, transmission and distribution;

•     Develop     a  commercially     viable   power    tariff  structure  that   protects   the

weaker sections of society from unbridled increase in utility rates and yet

generates enough resources for future investment;

•     Expediting   rural    electrification  so   that   80   percent   of  the  villages  have

power;

•     Encourage       CNG     use-Introduce      policy    for  conversion      of  all  public

commercial vehicles to CNG;

•     Introduce   a   policy   with   time   bound   objectives   for   the  promotion   of   non-

conventional sources of energy such as wind and solar power;

•     Nuclear power programme will be expanded; and

•     In the oil and coal sector, encourage local private sector in extraction and

encourage joint ventures with foreign companies.

Communication Infrastructure

Pakistan’s     physical    communication       infrastructure    is  antiquated    and   impedes

economic growth. The road network requires major investment for rehabilitation

and   upgradation   while   the   railway   system   continues   to  suffer   the   ill   effects   of

years of neglect and mismanagement.

•     A   comprehensive   restructuring   plan   would   be   prepared   to   upgrade   the

physical communications infrastructure.

•     Introduce    public-private    partnership     in  improving    the   efficiency   of  the

railway system;

•     Railway cargo services with container transport will be encouraged;

•     The    National    Highways     Authority    will  identify  the   most   heavily    used

sections   of   the   national   highway   system   to   formulate   and   implement   an

up-gradation plan;

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•     All  the   four   provincial   capitals   would   be   linked   with   four   lane   (two   lane

each way) highway;

•     Streamline cargo flights based on commercial requirements with seasonal

fluctuations-initiate cargo flights from Quetta for export of high value fruits;

•     Invest in improving the efficiency of the ports for cargo handling to reduce

turnaround time; and

•     Gwadar port would be upgraded and linked to national highway grid.

Telecommunications and Information Technology

Modern   telecommunication   services   are   essential   pre-requisite   for   human   and

economic   development.   The   recent   progress   in   the   access   to   Internet   facilities

would be sustained and expanded. Already, about 500 cities, towns, and villages

have access to Internet. The PTI will initiate the following reforms in the telecom

sector:

•     The PTA would be made more autonomous.

•     Rules   and   regulations   would   be   streamlined   to   eliminate   discrimination

and provide a level playing field between government-owned and private

telecom companies;

•     Increase   foreign   currency   holding   ceiling   for   software   exporters   from   35

percent to 75 percent; and

•     Provide   free   Internet connections all   private   recognized   IT   institutes   and

universities.

NATIONAL SECURITY

To achieve our Aims of economic prosperity and Human development, we need

to   ensure   peace   in   our   region.   Conflicts   within   or   across   our   borders   will   only

divert the national resources and energies. The external threat to our country has

been     minimized      by  our   nuclear    and   deterrent     capability,   but  the   conflict   in

Afghanistan   is   already   having   an   adverse   impact   in   our  western   border   areas.

We   must   arrest   this   spread   of   militancy   through   effective   diplomatic   measures

and a show of force where necessary.

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Foreign Policy

Our   foreign   policy   has   been   susceptible   to   manipulation   because   of           internal

political   instability   and   weak   leadership.   The   events   since   September   11   have

reinforced the need for an independent foreign policy that has the backing of the

people and can withstand the pressures brought to bear by external interests. As

a free and sovereign state we must not bend to the dictates of alien interests and

buckle under economic blackmail.

The present campaign against terrorism runs the risk of polarizing the world and

raising   the   specter   of   a   clash   of   ideologies.   The   shortsighted   policies   of   the

present   government   have   pitted   the   Army   against   our   own   people,   creating   a

national   crisis   for   the   sake   of   petty   political   gains.   The  PTI   rejects   all   forms   of

political and economic hegemony. Our foreign policy will:

•      Promote regional peace with all neighboring countries based on sovereign

equality,   mutual   benefit   and   non   –   interference   in   each   other’s   internal

affairs.

•      Pursue our political and economic interests more proactively

•      Work    towards     peaceful     co-existence       with   India   based     on   sovereign

equality, and a just solution of outstanding disputes;

•      Resolutely support the Kashmiri freedom struggle and promote resolution

of the dispute on the basis of their right of self-determination, on the basis

of UN resolutions;

•      Establish   a   new   paradigm   of   mutually   beneficial   relations   with   the   USA

based on shared interests and common values;

•      Consolidate      further   the   close    traditional   friendship    with    the   Peoples

Republic   of   China   by   substantially   increasing   cooperation  in   commerce,

trade, and security areas;

•      Actively   promote      unity  and    closer   economic      and    security    ties  among

Islamic States, in particular with our neighbours Iran, Saudi Arabia and the

Gulf states

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•     Support     efforts    for   rapid   return    to   normalcy      in   Afghanistan      by

strengthening the unique  and close relations with Afghanistan;

•     Seek improvement of relations with Russia and enhance cooperation for

mutual benefit

•     Maintain traditionally cordial relations and mutually beneficial collaboration

with Europe, in particular the EU.

•     Seek broader avenues of economic interaction with AS EAN, Japan, Africa

and Latin America.

•     Seek full membership of the SCO – the Shangai Cooperation Organization

•     Closely    coordinate    our   negotiating    position   on   WTO    matters    with   like

minded country

Security

The   PTI   recognizes   the   necessity   of   maintaining   and   developing   an   effective

capacity for the defense of sovereignty and territorial integrity.

PTI are committed to:

•     Strengthen country’s nuclear deterrent;

•     Continue to test and deploy ballistic missiles with a view to increasing their

range and accuracy;

•     Rationalize   the   size   and   structure   of   our   armed   forces   in   view   of   the

strength gained from our deterrence capability

•     Initiate urgent measures to strengthen the air and naval arms of the armed

forces in addition to focus on modernizing the army;

•     Pay special attention to the needs of the retired military personnel.

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